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Lifespan: Males: 5-6 years
Females: 10-15 years
Size: 5” with tail


  • Canary seed
  • Fresh greens (kale, spinach, broccoli spears, romaine lettuce; avoid iceberg lettuce)
  • Fresh fruits (apples & pears, avoid soft, fleshy fruits like peaches)
  • Egg Food (Protein or Protein Red)
  • Spray Millet
  • Treats may consist of:
    • Prepackaged bird treats
  • Avoid these foods:
    • Chocolate & other candy
    • Onions
    • Avocados

Caging & Environment

  • Canaries can be housed in any cage that features ½” bar spacing.
  • They should have several perches (preferably made of different materials – wood, rope, etc.) and a swing.
  • Provide a water cup, seed cup, and fresh food cup as well as a cuttlebone.
  • Canaries do not need toys, but do enjoy a mirror.


  • Canaries are sexually dimorphic – a term that means that each gender has a specific look. In the bird world, males tend to be “prettier” than females. This is true in the canary species.
  • Male canaries are the singers; females will chirp, but not sing. Male canaries that are around other birds may not sing (like in a store setting, for example). Once alone, however, they will start singing once they feel settled in. Feeding a “song” food supplement will help encourage singing.
  • Canaries tend to only eat the top layer of seeds and leave the shells behind. This will give the false impression that the bowl is still full. It is vital to change the entire contents of the food bowl daily.
  • Canaries do not have their wings clipped, so care must be taken when placing in or removing from their cage.
  • Fresh water is crucial to a canary’s health – their water should be changed out several times daily.