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Rabbit

Lifespan: 6-8 years
Size: Varies by breed
Sexual Maturity:3 months old
Gestation:31 days
Litter Size:'4-6
Weaned:6-8 weeks old

FOOD

  • A rabbit’s diet should consist of:
    • 50% pelleted diet (preferably timothy based)
    • 45% dried hay (non-alfalfa)
    • 5% fresh veggies (spinach, carrots, turnip greens, collard greens)
    • A salt lick should always be provided
  • Avoid these foods:
    • Chocolate & other candy
    • Onions
    • Iceberg lettuce
  • Treats may consist of:
    • Treat sticks
    • Prepackaged chew sticks

Caging & Environment

  • Rabbits should be housed alone, unless spayed or neutered.
  • Caging should include a hide area, food bowl, water bottle, salt lick, and hay manger.
  • Bedding should be about 1” deep.
  • The cage should have a solid bottom, not wire which can irritate a rabbit’s sensitive feet (the same goes for exercise wheels).
  • The larger the cage, the better! Go for a cage that has a lot of surface area, rather than multiple levels.
  • Rabbits need daily exercise for their health. An exercise pen is ideal for keeping the rabbit safe, but giving them room to run.

Behavior/Handling

  • Rabbits are shy by nature, but are easily tamed. Try hand-feeding treats as a start.
  • Always pick up a rabbit by supporting its entire body. Squirming is normal at first, but make sure the entire body is supported – dropping a rabbit can cause severe injury.
  • Never pick up rabbits by their ears or scruff (loose skin on the back of the neck), as doing so can cause severe damage.
  • Rabbits can be litter trained easily. They will often choose a corner of the cage to eliminate in. Once you see this behavior, place a corner litter box in that spot and put some of the soiled bedding in the litter box. The rabbit will continue to use that corner and clean up becomes a breeze!
  • Rabbits LOVE toys! Give them rabbit-safe toys and watch them flip and throw the toys all over the cage!