Lifespan: 6-8 years
Size: Up to 2 lbs., 8-14”
Sexual Maturity:Females: 4 months
Males: 3 weeks
Males: 3 weeks
Gestation :63-68 days
Weaned:4-6 weeks old
- A guinea pig’s diet should consist of:
- 80% pelleted diet (preferably timothy based)
- 45% dried hay (non-alfalfa)
- 5% fresh veggies and fruits high in Vitamin C(kale, carrots, turnip greens, collard greens, blueberries, oranges, grapes)
- A salt lick should always be provided
- Avoid these foods:
- Chocolate & other candy
- Iceberg lettuce
- Treats may consist of:
- Treat sticks
- Prepackaged chew sticks
- Guinea pigs do not manufacture their own vitamin C so they need a food that has been enriched with the vitamin – they should never be fed rabbit pellets (which are low in vitamin C and too high in vitamin D)
Caging & Environment
- Guinea pigs should be housed alone, unless spayed or neutered.
- Caging should include a hide area, food bowl, water bottle, salt lick, and hay manger.
- A hide area is extremely important to guinea pigs – they love to play hide and seek!
- Bedding should be about 1” deep.
- The cage should have a solid bottom (the same goes for exercise wheels).
- The larger the cage, the better! Go for a cage that has a lot of surface area, rather than multiple levels.
- Guinea pigs rarely bite, but can nip if they feel threatened. Try hand-feeding treats as a start.
- Always pick up a guinea pig by supporting its entire body. Squirming is normal at first, but make sure the entire body is supported – dropping a guinea pig can cause severe injury.
- Guinea pigs are super vocal! They will grunt, squeal, and whistle to show excitement.
- Guinea pigs can be litter trained. They will often choose a corner of the cage to eliminate in. Once you see this behavior, place a corner litter box in that spot and put some of the soiled bedding in the litter box. The guinea pig will continue to use that corner and clean up becomes a breeze!